The two most popular routes for obtaining permanent residency that let foreign nationals live, work and study in Australia are visa subclass 189 and subclass 491. Both are a part of Australia’s General Skilled Migration Program, which allows individuals to live and work there. Depending on your visa, you can live anywhere in Australia or have a state- or region-sponsored visa. Before relocating to another area of the country, you must first reside in that state or territory for a predetermined amount of time.
The Skilled Independent visa is intended to draw in invited individuals with particular talents that the larger Australian community needs. You can permanently reside, work, and study anywhere in Australia if you meet the qualifications. A points test is necessary to determine eligibility for the subclass 189 visa based on specific employment abilities. If Visa 189 is granted, invited residents may enjoy many of the same rights as Australian citizens.
For applicants who want to proceed through the skilled immigration path but are unable to complete the 190 requirements for a variety of reasons, this visa is appropriate. To transition to permanent resident status by applying for a 191 visa, 491 visa applicants must fulfil specific requirements (such as living and working in remote locations or designated areas for at least a set period).
After submitting the required papers, many applicants might think their application will be approved. It is not the case, though. Since it has become one of the popular paths for immigrants to Australia, the requirements for filing a 491 application have increased.
The tight Australian legal system imposes further limitations on the transfer of 491 to 191. For instance, the visa holder must participate in the interview at the scheduled time and venue, and the format may be a live interview or a virtual interview, as per regulation 8581.
The Australia Subclass 189 and 491 visas are contrasted here.
491 visa enables you to:
Instead, The subclass 189 visa enables you to:
The Subclass 491 visa is a transitional visa that provides permanent residency after three years, whereas the Subclass 189 visa is for permanent residence.
Only those invited may apply for visa subclass 189.
To accept the invitation, you must:
On the other hand, eligibility requirements for a visa subclass 491 are as follows:
Visa subclass 189 and visa 491 have the following features:
|Particulars||Skilled independent visa subclass 189||Skilled regional visa subclass 491 (provisional)|
|Invitation||The number of invitations is determined by the number of openings in your occupation and your point total.||If the state/territory approves sponsorship, an invitation is assured.|
|Rights||Complete freedom of movement and other social advantages||Candidates can only run if they work and live in the sponsoring state.|
|Medicare benefits||Can avail of these benefits||Can’t avail of these benefits|
|Include family in visa application||Allowed||Allowed|
|Freedom to work in Occupation||Work in any occupation on the 189 occupation list||Work in any occupation on the 491 occupation list|
|Sponsorship to parents||Can sponsor parents after two years of residency in Australia||Can sponsor parents after two years of obtaining permanent residency|
The accompanying documents are crucial while requesting a visa. Send as much documentation as you can with your visa application. It is best to get professional guidance and provide Australian immigration officials with all the required papers.
Be sure to bear in mind these crucial points before submitting any paperwork.
Australian Subclass 189 and Subclass 491 visas face intense competition. The subclass 189 visa, however, is a winner because it gives you permanent residency in the country from the start, even though it is more challenging to obtain. Regional 491 visas may be faster to acquire, but they are temporary, and you would have to wait another three years to apply for permanent residency.
In Australia, getting a Permanent Residency is a challenging process. The Australian government has tightened immigration policy recently. Studying in Australia could be a great alternative as a first step. After completing their study, many students may apply for permanent residency in Australia. It allows you to choose a profession that is in demand. The good news is that obtaining a PhD study visa grants you immediate access to permanent residency. However, a visa consultant can help you choose the best option.